The things that make up Bali are inseparable from the traditional Subak irrigation method – a conventional method preserved for hundreds of years and passed down through generations. That can be local wisdom at its very best. Bali is blessed with all 150 rivers and streams which provide water all year round to irrigate this main staple. Nevertheless, irrigation rice regions wouldn’t be prosperous unless man also has a hand in it. Uniquely, Bali complex irrigation system has its roots not by order of kings, but its direction is very much in the hands of the villagers throughout the village cooperatives.
Since farmers depend on the powerful irrigation of the areas, the different Subaks form an inextricable connection which unites into one system. At the bottom level, every farmer is a part of a sub, whose rice fields are fed from one dam. The head of this Subak called the Klian Subak, is chosen by its members. In the larger Subak, that are fed using a station, the lowest degree is referred to as the tempek. The Subaks, subsequently are connected to mountain forests or Pura Masceti, which is sold under the sway of one of 2 Lake Temples, these are the Pura Batu Kau which overlooks irrigation in West Bali, also Pura Ulun Danu on Lake Beratan, which overlooks the northwest, east, and southwest of Bali.
Water temples maintain festivals every 105 days, corresponding to the 105 days of the rice-growing season in Bali. This cycle also determines the period of opening and closing of canal sluices, ensuring plantings are staggered, and water is spent in the most effective and equitable method. The goddess of Rice is known as Bhatari or Dewi Sri, the mother of Rice. As the Indonesian archipelago’s staple food, Dewi Sri is not just revered in Bali, but also on Java alongside other rice-producing islands. By combining traditional sacred values with an extremely organized system; thus, the Subak, the distinctive Balinese rice farming culture is a manifestation of the Balinese Tri Hita Karana’s cosmological doctrine. It’s the tangible reflection of the very first Balinese ideas and beliefs which are rooted in this concept, namely the understanding that human beings should always keep a harmonious relationship between Man and God, Man and fellow humans, and also between Nature and Man in your daily life. Such a particular concept is evident from the Balinese creative genius and identifying cultural traditions resulting from the long human interaction, especially between the Balinese and the Roman culture. Whether such as agriculture, nature or heritage, Jatiluwih in addition to other rice fields in Bali remain important sites which ought to be maintained and must stay sustainable for future generations.
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